Is it possible to fall in love with a perfect stranger in 45 minutes? Apparently so.
Husband and wife psychologists, Arthur and Elaine Aron, are experts who investigate close relationships. Previous research has shown that a history of reciprocally exchanged favors leads to the bestowing of additional favors to their exchange partner, no matter who provided the last favor. In other words, the receiving and bestowing of favors builds trust, one of the fundamental building blocks of intimacy.
The Arons explored this already established research that suggests that reciprocal exchanges actually bind the transactors together, and wondered if they could kick it up a notch.
Could they construct a brief dyadic exchange that could create an experience to allow subjects to fall in love with a perfect stranger?
How about doing it in 45 minutes?
Here’s what the Drs. Aron did:
Aron (1997) reported that relationships deepened in 45 minutes beyond all expectations. Subjects said feelings of intimacy that were remarkable, given that on only 45 minutes had elapsed, and these exchanges occurred under laboratory conditions, not romantic candlelight.
Here’s what’s most unusual. We can’t slough-off off this piece of research lightly. According to the Arons, hundreds of studies have confirmed the same outcome.
The process was by way of one of the building blocks of workplace emotional affairs; progressive personal self-disclosure engaged in through an escalatingly intimate process of reciprocal exchanges.
The researchers offer two explanations for this phenomena.
Can you really fall in love with a perfect stranger in 45 minutes? Yeah, actually there are some marriage certificates from these research subjects to back that claim. But what does this research mean?
If all it takes is 36 questions to fall in love with a perfect stranger, no wonder why Emotional affairs at work are at such an epidemic. It’s hard to grapple with the idea that all of your intimate exchanges and reciprocities require more attention as profoundly meaningful social markers and boundaries than our culture currently allows for.
And it’s not even about love with a perfect stranger we are talking about. It’s about the Zugszwang Effect. The Zugzwang Effect is a situation in a chess game where it’s your turn…but any move you make will weaken your position.
Personal Disclosure and Accepting Help from others on a regular basis are two known neuro-behavioral pathways to
intimacy that can imperceptibly shift the nature of a workplace relationship, or a friendship, one question, or one granted favor at a time. Resist the inclination to be socially available to “attractive others.”
Do not enter into these sort of social transactions lightly. Love with a perfect stranger can be the result of a series of breached boundaries and careless line-crossing.
The research says that if you’re in the habit of doing this when you have a partner at home, you will, most likely, eventually imperil your marriage.
The Aron’s updated their research in 2015. This ongoing research has huge implications for couples therapy in the treatment of many infidelities, particularly workplace affairs, where synchrony may already be an aspect of the workplace relationship.
This is why science-based couples therapists read research in the first place. Elements of this research would also be highly valuable in Pre-Marital Counseling programs.
Science-based couples therapy seeks to apply cutting-edge science by crafting specific interventions that help couples to appreciate the complexities and contradictions of intimacy.
Original Research: Aron, A., Melinat, E.N. Aron, R.D. Vallone, and R.J. Bator, 1997. “The Experimental Generation of Interpersonal Closeness: A Procedure and Some Preliminary Findings” personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 23:363-77.
Daniel is a Marriage and Family Therapist. He currently sees couples at Couples Therapy Inc. in Boston, Massachusetts, three seasons in Cummington (at the foothills of the Berkshires...) and in Miami during joint retreats with his wife, Dr. Kathy McMahon. He uses EFT, Gottman Method, Solution-focused and the Developmental Model in his approaches.