Dr. Shirley Glass remains one of the world’s leading expert on what happens in marriage when an affair is disclosed or discovered. She has been called the “godmother of infidelity research.” She began researching infidelity in 1975. It was her primary clinical and research focus until her death in 2003.
One of her essential findings was that healing from an affair was not possible until the full story of the affair could be openly discussed and shared. Her research was incredibly valuable because it was concrete and specific, and became the scientific foundation for new therapeutic methods in working with couples struggling to recover from an affair.
Both partners have a role in co-creating a constructive dialogue to heal and repair. The problem is that the more the hurt partner pushes for information, the more the involved partner retreats. The more the involved partner retreats, the more the hurt partner applies pressure, and what should be a heartfelt dialogue quickly becomes an escalating power struggle.
How Do You Talk About The Affair If You Are The Hurt Partner?
In my next section, I will talk about the role that involved partners have in affair recovery.
How to Talk About an Affair and Get Out Of The Attack and Defend Trap
Talking about an affair isn’t easy. But defensiveness is. Couples therapy researcher John Gottman tells us that defensiveness is a very stubborn and robust human behavior. It is natural for involved partners to become closed off and defensive when confronted by an angry, hurt spouse. You may feel remorse, humiliation, and a sense that things are going to only get worse if you talk about it. Involved partners often express agitation and annoyance that the hurt partner hasn’t “gotten over” the affair. What the involved partner doesn’t realize is that resisting the hurt partner’s efforts to uncover details will only increase their anxiety and mistrust, and increase the likelihood of irrevocable damage to the relationship.
How to Talk About the Affair
Here is a short list of what not to do when you are the involved partner:
A therapist can help a couple navigate through these difficult discussions. The good news is that science tells us the way a couple talks about the affair will often predictably change over time. But initially the hurt partner may be quite adversarial, and the involved partner may feel like they were caught up in a Spanish Inquisition.
Perhaps your marriage was troubled before the affair, and this was a contributing factor to your decision to have an affair. Effective affair recovery will involve discussing these feelings openly and directly. A skilled couples therapist will make sure that the context of your marital troubles before the affair are carefully unpacked and discussed when the time is right. Affair recovery takes time.
Three Phases of Affair Recovery
Couple therapy at this early stage focuses on helping the hurt partner to engage more calmly, while encouraging the involved partner to move toward a more complete transparency. In phase one, the hurt partner may spend as much as a year struggling with emotional overwhelm. Patient engagement with the hurt partner is the involved partner’s best approach at this point. Talking about the affair in the right way important, because it can lead to a greater understanding of contributing factors, and a sense of the best path forward.
At some point, in phase two, a more benign process of information sharing will begin. The hurt partner will be calmer, and is gradually soothed by the involved partner’s openness, remorse, and acknowledgement of the pain inflicted.
A skillful therapist will help the couple in the final stage of affair recovery collaborate on an Affair Vulnerability Inventory. The therapist helps the couple explore questions such as:
What was going on between us at that time that made us vulnerable?
What individual vulnerabilities do either of us have require work and growth?
What level of understanding and empathy can we reach for?
What level of integrity will we both bring forward into this relationship?
Daniel is a Marriage and Family Therapist. He currently sees couples at Couples Therapy Inc. in Boston, Massachusetts, three seasons in Cummington (at the foothills of the Berkshires...) and in Miami during joint retreats with his wife, Dr. Kathy McMahon. He uses EFT, Gottman Method, Solution-focused and the Developmental Model in his approaches.